Sports Medicine

Janna Vilen, M.D., is fellowship trained in the treatment and prevention of illness and injury.  As a Sports Medicine Specialist, she is uniquely positioned to meet the demands of today’s health care environment.

Dr. Vilen practices in Crosby and Baxter.  She helps patients maximize functions and minimize disability and time away from sports, work, or school.

She is a physician who:

  • Is Board Certified in Family Medicine
  • Has completed additional training in Sports Medicine through an accredited Fellowship (subspecialty) Program in Sports Medicine
  • Is Board Certified in Sports Medicine
  • Further adds to her expertise through participation in continuing medical education activities and recertification via re-examination every ten years
  • Is a leader of the Sports Medicine team, which also includes specialty physicians and surgeons, athletic trainers, physical therapists, coaches, other personnel, and the athlete.

What is the difference between a Sports Medicine Specialist and an Orthopedic Surgeon?
Both are well trained in musculoskeletal medicine. Sports Medicine Specialists specialize in the non-operative treatment of musculoskeletal conditions. Orthopedic surgeons are also trained in the operative treatment of these conditions. However, approximately 90 percent of all sports injuries are non-surgical. The Sports Medicine Specialist can maximize non-operative treatment, guide appropriate referrals to physical and occupational therapies, and if necessary expedite referral to an orthopedic/sports surgeon.


Common examples of musculoskeletal problems include:

  • Acute injuries (such as ankle sprains, muscle strains, knee & shoulder injuries, and fractures)
  • Overuse injuries (such as rotator cuff and other forms of tendonitis, stress fractures)
  • Medical and injection therapies for osteoarthritis

Sports Medicine Specialists have received additional training in non-musculoskeletal aspects of sports medicine. Common examples include:

  • Concussion (mild traumatic brain injury) and other head injuries
  • Athletes with chronic or acute illness (such as infectious mononucleosis, asthma or diabetes)
  • Nutrition, supplements, ergogenic aids, and performance issues
  • Exercise prescription for patients who want to increase their fitness
  • Injury prevention
  • “Return to play” decisions in the sick or injured athlete
  • Recommendations on safe strength training and conditioning exercises
  • Healthy lifestyle promotion

Sports Medicine Specialists also serve as Team Physicians for local and/or national teams and clubs. These physicians must fulfill published qualifications with the following responsibilities:

  • Pre-participation physical examination
  • Injury assessment and management
  • Care of sports-related and general medical needs of athletes
  • Special populations (geriatric, disabled, women, youth, etc.)
  • Sports psychology issues
  • Education and counseling on illness & injury prevention
  • Coordinating care with other members of the sports medicine team to include athletic trainers, physical therapists, personal physicians, an other ancillary personnel of specialty care and rehabilitation.
  • Communication with athletic trainers, coaches, school administration, as well as athletes and their families.

Do Sports Medicine Specialists only treat competitive athletes?

No. Sports Medicine Specialists are ideal physicians for the non-athletes as well, and are excellent resources for the individual who wishes to become active or begin an exercise program. For the “weekend warrior” or “industrial athlete” who experiences an injury the same expertise used for the competitive athlete can be applied to return the individual as quickly as possible to full function.


Sports Medicine is a recognized subspecialty by the American Board of Medical Subspecialties and by Medicare.


The Brainerd Area’s Only Sports Medicine Specialist

Dr.  Vilen earned her Medical Degree at the University of Minnesota Medical School in Duluth.  She also holds a Bachelor’s degree in Health Promotion Science and Chemistry from the University of St. Thomas in St. Paul.  From 2007-2010 she completed her residency through the University of Minnesota Family Medicine Residency, Methodist and in 2011, received a fellowship in Sports Medicine from Montana Family Medicine Residency. Prior to joining CRMC she practiced in Montana.


The specialists’ work has been published in The Journal of Family Practice and she has provided numerous presentations on Sports Medicine. She is a member of the American Medical Society for Sports Medicine and the American Academy of Family Practice Physicians. She participates in long distance running and triathlons.


For an appointment with
Dr. Vilen, call 866-362-1229 option #2.

  • Minneapolis Heart Institute®
  • Minnesota Center for Obstetrics & Gynecology
  • Minnesota Institute for Minimally Invasive Surgery
  • Cuyuna Regional Medical Center
  • Minnesota Center for Orthopaedics
  • Virginia Piper Cancer Institute
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